Friday, September 28, 2018

Microsoft Exchange Mozilla Thunderbird Integration

Update 12-30-2018: I now use ExchangeCalendar ( instead of TbSync. ExchangeCalendar integrates seamlessly with Thunderbird to display meetings and times slotted in Exchange

Most of the users I encounter work in a Microsoft Windows environment or use a Microsoft Windows based machine (desktop or laptop). Some others use a macOS based machine (iMac, MacBook Air or MacBook Pro). The rest of us, though, prefer to work in a Linux based machine, some with access to cli and others with a GUI

In a Microsoft Windows business environment, the business "de facto" E-Mail client is Microsoft Outlook, since it communicates with Exchange servers to synchronize E-Mails, calendars, tasks and contacts. Microsoft Outlook can also be installed in macOS based devices, with similar capabilities. In Linux, some of us use Mozilla Thunderbird

One big issue that most Mozilla Thunderbird users encounter is the inability to tie directly to Exchange. The workaround is either using the web portal for Microsoft (, but in some cases (nowadays less and less) the Exchange server is on premises. Meet ExQuilla for Microsoft Exchange by R Kent James and TbSync by John Bieling. Both, ExQuilla and TbSync, are add-ons for Mozilla Thunderbird

ExQuilla can be downloaded from as an xpi file and installed in Mozilla Thunderbird by clicking on "Tools", "Add-ons", the gear on the top section, towards the left, "Install Add-on From File...". Once it is installed, either use the "Autodiscover" feature or the "Manual" one. In my case, I had to use the "Manual" one, enter the "Microsoft Exchange EWS URL" ( and "Test EWS URL". The proper EWS URL can be found following step 2. in

TbSync can be downloaded from as an xpi file as well using the same procedure for installing ExQuilla. Once installed, double click the icon on the lower right corner of Mozilla Thunderbird labeled "TbSync: Idle", click on "Account actions", "+ Add new account", "Exchange ActiveSync (EAS)", enter proper information and either use the "Automatic configuration via ActiveSync Autodiscover" or "Custom configuration". In my case, I had to use the "Custom configuration", with "Server address" and "ActiveSync version" v2.5. Click on "Enable account & try to connect to server"

The E-Mails will show as a new account with an "X" preceding it on the left pane in Mozilla Thunderbird. The contacts will show in the "Address Book". The address book with "/GAL" will allow for contact queries/searches, as if you were using Microsoft Outlook. The same procedure can be used in Mozilla Thunderbird in Microsoft Windows and macOS based machines


F. Bobbio C.

Friday, August 3, 2018

Automated Data Transfer - Linux To Windows + Vice Versa

Recently one of the developers where I work had an interesting task to accomplish: Transfer data from a Windows server to a Linux server and vice versa automatically every 5 minutes for a production environment. The data originated at the Windows server, was processed in the Linux server, copied to a different path and the result needed to be copied back to the Windows server, to a different folder. The accounting users were saving the original data to a Windows shared folder. The process needed to originate at the Windows server, since my team mates were not proficient in Linux, in case the files needed to be modified later on

Thanks to WinSCP, the solution was simple:

1) Create a batch file (WinSCP2Linux.bat) with permissions for service account to read and execute. The content should be something similar to this: /ini=nul /synchronize /script=C:\Users\LocalAdmin\ScriptCopyToOracle.txt

2) Create a text file (C:\Users\LocalAdmin\ScriptCopyToOracle.txt), with permissions for service account to read and execute. The content should be something similar to this:

open sftp://LinuxServerUsername:LinuxServerUserPassword@LinuxServerName/ -hostkey="ssh-rsa 2048 xx:yy:zz:aa:bb:cc..."
put C:\Path\To\Windows\Original\Files\* /path/to/Linux/server/firstfolder/
get /path/to/Linux/server/secondfolder/* C:\Path\To\Windows\Processed\Files\

Note: LinuxServerUsername requires read and write permissions to both Linux folders for this procedure to work. Both Windows folders have read and write permissions

3) Create a task via "Task Scheduler" which runs the batch file every 5 minutes and runs under the service account specified in step 1)

The task will only synchronize files that are not in the folders every 5 minutes. I would recommend testing if the task works by opening an elevated command prompt ("Start", cmd, right click, "Run as administrator"), pasting /ini=nul /synchronize /script=C:\Users\LocalAdmin\ScriptCopyToOracle.txt into it and hitting the "Enter" key. If there are no errors, you should see the processed files in the firstfolder in Linux and in the processed files folder in Windows

The Linux server was running Red Hat Linux and the Windows server was on Windows Server 2012


F. Bobbio C.

Corrupted Profile - In A Mac

Any IT professional that deals with users needs to know a bit of other Operating Systems. The three main ones currently are Windows, macOS and Linux.

I recently had a case where a customer using a Mac could not open any application. When the application icon was clicked, there were errors pointing to the Library folder and cache. All applications had the same issue. I thought about it for some minutes and logged out and back in, but under a different profile. The other profile did not display those issues, thus the issue being with the original profile

I created a new profile with Administrator priviledges (that was the access level for the original profile) and copied all documents over, thinking that all permissions would transfer, but, how wrong was I! The permissions for the iPhoto and Photo libraries did not transfer. They were under OriginalUser:OriginalGroup and the new user was NewUser:staff and when the customer tried to open iPhoto or Photos, there was an error about permissions

I had to use a bit of "command line" (or console/terminal) "magic" and change the permissions for the whole folder/application. I logged out and back in with another Administrator account, since the new user account did not allow me for the change. The other account did not have any password, which did not allow for sudo access. I changed the password and ran the commands, each in a different terminal session. Click on the upper right corner on "Spotlight" and type terminal. Open the application. Right click on the application icon on the lower bar and "New window" for the second terminal session

First terminal session:
sudo chown -R NewUser:staff /Users/NewUser/Pictures/iPhoto Library.photolibrary

Second terminal session:
sudo chown -R NewUser:staff /Users/NewUser/Pictures/Photos Library.photoslibrary/

Let both commands run until they finish. In this case, the customer had well over 250 GB of pictures in each application. The process took all night long. Once the terminal session showed the MacDeviceName:~ AdminUser$ prompt in each terminal session, the customer closed everything (Command + Q in each window) and logged out and back in. The customer reported all the pictures were accessible and viewable. No more permissions errors

I hope this helps someone


F. Bobbio C.

Wednesday, June 20, 2018

Barco ClickShare In Slackware64-current

Update 06-23-2018: According to users can use MirrorOp or the Google Cast extension to share screen

ClickShare is a neat way of presenting the content of your machine (and 3 others) without having to plug and unplug an HDMI cable. ClickShare, by Barco (, requires a USB port to work. Simply plug in the USB adapter and run the .exe (MS Windows) or .dmg (macOS) file.
Unfortunately, back in December 2017, Barco stopped support for Linux clients (
Since a Slacker does not give up easily, I setup to install and run ClickShare on Slackware-current. Here are the steps I needed to follow to accomplish this task.

1) Download and install ffmpeg 2.1.5 ( may also do it) (ffmpeg 3.X does not work with ClickShare). This version of ffmpeg will allow the use of
Note: Even ffmpeg 2.8.6 will use which will not work with ClickShare

2) Download the SlackBuild script for libresample from PhantomX ( This will repackage libresample in 64-bit for your system. There are some libresample packages for Slackware, but for x86, not x86_64
Repackage libresample and install it

3) Download clickshare_01.07.01-79_amd64.deb (
This package was a bit harder to find, since Barco does not offer it anymore on its website

4) Decompress the contents and cp -a the content into the appropriate folders

5) Start ClickShare by typing clickshare in a terminal session or from your launcher


F. Bobbio C.

Saturday, April 21, 2018

Citrix Receiver In Mozilla Firefox (64-bit) In Slackware64-current

Update 01-02-2019: Citrix Receiver has not updated for a while and has been replaced by Citrix Workspace: but I still received error messages regarding " - Application No such file or directory. Verify your connection settings and try again." even after installing certificates and creating symbolic links for libidn. The internal storefront works without any issues, while the external one has some issues if using Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome in Slackware64-current. This issue does not happen in Microsoft Windows 10.
After a bit of research and reading, I found this forum where they listed this URL for Chrome: as an "app" for Google Chrome. The "app" is working great so far. No need to install Citrix Receiver anymore, just point the "app" to the proper URL for your storefront and enjoy

Update 12-23-2018: In cases where there is a black square around the mouse pointer, follow the instructions in this page:

Citrix Receiver is a virtualization client which allows to run applications and programs running on a Citrix server from within a browser connection

In the Microsoft Windows world, you can simply download and install an application that would start when you login to your computer and even allows to use single sign on (, but my laptop is Linux based and I prefer to use Citrix Receiver natively in Linux

In the past, you needed to run a multilib system to run Citrix Receiver ( or, but luckily for all of us, now the 64-bit version of Citrix Receiver can be run on Firefox without an issue

1) Download Citrix Receiver from by choosing "Tarball Packages" and "Receiver for Linux (x86_64). Accept the license agreement and save the tar.gz file

2) Navigate to the location where you saved the the tar.gz file and extract it (tar vxf linuxx64- in this case)

3) Run setupwfc as root and choose "1. Install Citrix Receiver for Linux 13.9.1"

4) Follow the prompts, making sure to select "n" for "Do you want to install USB support? [default n]:"

5) Follow steps "5. Add more SSL certificates" and "7. (64-bit only) Fix Firefox plugin installation" from

Note: If steps 5 and 7 from are not followed, error message "Cannot connect to " - Application No such file or directory. Verify your connection settings and try again." may display on the screen when trying to launch an application

6) Alternatively follow step "6. Configure Citrix Receiver" from if you want to map drives to allow access to files in the remote Citrix session

7) Create symbolic links, if needed, for libidn:
ln -s
ln -s


F. Bobbio C.

VPN Connections In Slackware64-current Plasma 5 - KDE 5

I use three different VPN connections in my laptop: OpenConnect, OpenVPN and PPTP. I like these connections to be managed by NetworkManager and not by third parties

The first one (OpenConnect) is compatible with Cisco AnyConnect:

The second one (OpenVPN) is compatible with pfSense:

The third one is used to connect to a Point-to-Point Windows server:

After some updates in Slackware-current and KDE5, the connections stopped working. These are the steps I followed to have the connections up and running

I repackaged openconnect from and used the same NetworkManager-openconnect package for 14.2 from
I also found a Plasma 5 NetworkManager package at (from rworkman) by searching on Google for plasma5-nm-openconnect and followed the .info file in there to download the latest version of the package from which matched with the Plasma packages (5.12.4). This last step did the trick for OpenConnect
The alternative would be to download and run the Cisco AnyConnect native client for Linux

I repackaged openvpn from and used the NetworkManager-openvpn SlackBuilds script from which worked fine, but I changed the tar.xz file to be the latest (1.8.2) and used the package from
The plasma5-nm-5.12.4 package from alienBOB worked perfectly for this connection
I imported the ovpn file that I have saved and used before

I repackaged pptp from the latest version (1.10.0) from and used the NetworkManager-pptp SlackBuilds script from which worked fine, but I changed the tar.xz file to be the latest (1.2.6) and used the package from
The main part is to click on "Advanced..." and select only "MSCHAP" and "MSCHAPv2" under "Allow following authentication methods:" and "Use MPPE Encryption" with "Crypto: Any"


F. Bobbio C.

Sunday, March 18, 2018

Remmina RDP Issue

Remmina allows to connect to computers via different protocols (NX, RDP, SFTP, SSH, VNC and even XDMCP). Microsoft Windows allows remote control of a computer via RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol). Some Windows Updates in March, 2018 may break connectivity via Remmina, which uses FreeRDP to connect to Microsoft Windows machines. This is not an issue with FreeRDP, but with some implementation or modification on Microsoft's side, which tries to only allow machines within the domain to use RDP to communicate with each other.

There is a simple fix for this. Follow these steps:

Microsoft Windows:
1) Connect to the Microsoft Windows machine via RDP from another Microsoft Windows machine using "Remote Desktop Connection" by typing mstsc in the "Start" menu and typing either the computer name or its IP address. Use proper credentials
2) Right click on "Computer", "My PC" or "This PC" and click on "Properties"
3) Click on "Change settings"
4) Click on the "Remote" tab
5) Uncheck the "Allow connections only from computers running Remote Desktop with Network Level Authentication (recommended)"
6) Open "Services" by typing services.msc in the "Start" menu
7) Restart "Remote Desktop Services" by right clicking on it and clicking on "Restart"
Note: This last step will disconnect the RDP session
8) Attempt connection to machine again after 15 to 30 seconds

1) Right click on the machine name from step 1) in the Microsoft Windows section
2) Click on "Edit"
3) Click on the "Advanced" tab
4) Change "Security" to "RDP"
Note: Option "NLA" for "Network Level Authentication" may not work, neither does option "Negotiate" (default)
5) Click on "Save"
6) Double click on machine name to attempt connection, which should be successful


F. Bobbio C.